Most women are affected by this malignancy, known as cervical cancer. Everyone is wondering, “What is cervical cancer?”Cervical cancer is a slow-progressing malignancy that affects thousands of women each year. This type of cancer develops within or on the cervix’s tissue. The cervix is a structure in the female reproductive tract that connects the uterus to the vagina. Cervical cancer develops when surface-level cells on the cervix divide uncontrollably, resulting in cervical lesions, which can proceed to cancer if left untreated.
Early warning signs and symptoms:
Initially, a person does not experience any symptoms. As a result, women should regularly undertake cervical smear examinations, often known as Pap tests. Cervical cancer is prevented with the use of a Pap test. Its goal is not to identify cancer but to disclose any cell alterations that may indicate cancer development so that treatment can begin as soon as feasible.
The following symptoms characterize cervical cancer:
1. bleeding between menstrual cycles
2. postmenopausal women’s hemorrhage
3. an intense odorous vaginal discharge
4. pelvic discomfort, vaginal discharge tinged with blood
What Are Cervical Cancer Treatments Available in Singapore?
Cervical squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma are the most prevalent kinds of cervical cancer and are treated similarly. Cervical neuroendocrine small cell cancer is uncommon cancer and therapy.
Cervical cancer can be categorized into two types when deciding on treatment options.
1. Early-stage cancer: Cancers localized to the cervix are early cervix cancers. Most early-stage cervical malignancies are treated with surgery – a hysterectomy, which entails removing the cervix and womb. A portion of the vagina, the ovaries, and surrounding lymph nodes in the pelvis may be removed. For many women, surgery is all that is needed. However, other women may require further treatments such as radiation and chemotherapy to lower the risk of cancer reoccurring. The majority of women with early cervical cancer can be treated.
2. Cancer that has spread locally: These malignancies have grown in size or spread to nearby organs or lymph nodes in the pelvis. Radiation therapy is frequently combined with chemotherapy. Chemotherapy improves the efficacy of radiation therapy. Cancer cells are killed with high-energy X-rays. External beam and internal radiation are the two types of radiation therapy.
3. Advanced cancer: Cancers that have spread to distant organs such as the lungs, liver, or bones are advanced. Malignancies that recur after treatment are referred to as recurrent cancers. The primary therapies for advanced or recurrent cervical cancers are medication therapy to manage the malignancy and alleviate symptoms. Chemotherapy was once the most often used pharmacological treatment for cervical cancer in Singapore. Beyond chemotherapy, other pharmacological options like targeted medicine treatment and immunotherapy are increasingly available.
The HPV vaccine is highly efficient at preventing HPV infections that lead to cervical pre-malignancies or cancers. It offers up to 90% protection against cervical cancer. Women who have been vaccinated should continue to have Pap smears or HPV testing because the HPV vaccine does not provide 100 percent protection. That’s all about cervical cancer chemotherapy singapore.